June 2024

Joseph Jesus parallels

Parallels between Joseph and Jesus
Regarding Joseph, the Bible covers these parallels in Genesis Chapters 37, 39-50.
Despite the lineage of Jesus coming from Jacob and Leah and not through Rachel, there is a clear and unmistakable pattern of direct compelling parallels between Joseph and Jesus, yet nowhere in Scripture does it say that Joseph was a type of Christ. However, we are told in Spirit of Prophecy that the “life of Joseph illustrates the life of Christ”. [Patriarchs & Prophets page 239 paragraph 2]
Let us now reflect upon those parallels and illustrations:
01. Both births were predicted:
“Thus saith the LORD; A voice was heard in Ramah, lamentation, [and] bitter weeping; Rahel weeping for her children refused to be comforted for her children, because they [were] not. Thus saith the LORD; Refrain thy voice from weeping, and thine eyes from tears: for thy work shall be rewarded, saith the LORD; and they shall come again from the land of the enemy. And there is hope in thine end, saith the LORD, that thy children shall come again to their own border.” (Jeremiah 31:15-17). Note: This Ramah, near tomb of Rachel, was an assembly point for the captives prior to Babylon exile; Rachel is spoken figuratively in Jeremiah 31:16 as the mother of all the children of Israel.
“And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.” (Luke 1:35).
02. Both were miraculously born:
The birth of Joseph was miraculous in that it was by the intervention of God as an answer to prayer. “And God remembered Rachel, and God hearkened to her, and opened her womb. And she conceived, and bare a son; and said, God hath taken away my reproach: And she called his name Joseph; and said, The LORD shall add to me another son.” (Genesis 30:22-24). Jacob was 90 years old, Rachel was barren.
Similarly, Jesus, the Son of God, miraculously took on human form and was born to Mary. (Matthew 1:18-23).
03. Both are firstborn:
Joseph was the firstborn of Jacob and Rachel.
Likewise Jesus was the firstborn of Mary.
04. Both were beloved by their father:
Joseph was loved by the his father. “Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he [was] the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of [many] colours.” (Genesis 37:3).
Jesus was beloved by the Father. “This is My beloved Son, in whom I am well-pleased.” – this statement is cited 3 times (Matthew 3:17; 17:5 & 2 Peter 1:17).
“Beloved” is used in the Old Testament 42 times. The word is used in both testaments and is derived from primarily two main Hebrew words and their derivatives. The words means “to breathe” or “long for.” In the New Testament the similar word means “to prefer.”
05. Both enjoyed firstborn blessings:
Both were born as sons with the birthright (Genesis 37:3; 43:33). Joseph was the firstborn of Rachel and Jesus was the firstborn of God (Colossians 1:14-15).
Rachel, not Leah, was Jacob’s favourite wife. “Now Israel loved Joseph more than all his children, because he [was] the son of his old age: and he made him a coat of [many] colours.” (Genesis 37:3). The father’s injudicious [unwise] gift to Joseph of a costly coat, or tunic, such as was usually worn by persons of distinction, seemed to them another evidence of his partiality, and excited a suspicion that he intended to pass by his elder children, to bestow the birthright upon the son of Rachel. (PP p209).
The Father clothed Jesus in a body (Luke 1:35).
06. Both had a father but were without a mother:
Joseph (aged about 6 years) gained a brother [Benjamin] but lost his mother Rachel who died in child birth on the road to Ephrath [Bethlehem]. Jacob buries Rachel by the side of the road where she died. [Genesis 35:18 – 20]. “His mother being dead, his affections clung the more closely to the father, and Jacob’s heart was bound up in this child of his old age.” (PP p209).
Jesus had a Father in heaven but, to be born in the flesh, Mary became His mother on earth.
07. Both had wealthy fathers:
Jacob was wealthy and God is wealthy – He owns everything.
“And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it.” And here he made his solemn vow to God. … Long years intervened before Jacob dared to return to his own country, but when he did he faithfully discharged his debt to his Master. He had become a wealthy man, and a very large amount of property passed from his possessions to the treasury of the Lord. (4T p466).
We sing a hymn – Hymn 468 – A Child of the King – “My Father is rich in houses and lands; He holdeth the wealth of the world in His hands!”
08. Both are shepherds:
Joseph was a shepherd. “… Joseph, [being] seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren; …” (Genesis 37:2).
Jesus is the Great Shepherd (John 10).
As shepherds, they both took care of their father’s sheep (Genesis 37:2; John 10:11, 27).
“I am the good shepherd; the good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep.” (John 10:11)
09. Both spoke truth and exposed sin:
These [are] the generations of Jacob. Joseph, [being] seventeen years old, was feeding the flock with his brethren; and the lad [was] with the sons of Bilhah, and with the sons of Zilpah, his father’s wives: and Joseph brought unto his father their evil report.” (Genesis 37:2).
“Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying?” (Matthew 15:12).
“And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.” (Luke 20:19).
10. Both lived with their father and received an instruction to leave:
Joseph lived with his father before his departure to Egypt (Genesis 37:2–4).
Jesus lived with God before coming to earth (John 1:2)
Joseph was sent by his father to inquire about his brothers (Genesis 37:13–14).
Jesus was sent by His Father to save us all (John 3:16).
11. Both were hated by their brothers:
Jacob loved Joseph more than his other sons because he and Benjamin were the only sons born to his favourite wife Rachel. Joseph’s half brothers knew he was the favourite, they became jealous and conspired to murder him (Genesis 37:4,18).
“And when his brethren saw that their father loved him more than all his brethren, they hated him, and could not speak peaceably unto him.” (Genesis 37:4).
Joseph was hated by his brothers without a cause, and they delivered him to the Gentiles. He couldn’t defend himself and was unjustly accused.
Jesus was hated by His brothers – “He came unto his own, and his own received him not.” (John 1:11). “But his citizens hated him, and sent a message after him, saying, We will not have this [man] to reign over us.” (Luke 19:14). Jesus says about Himself “But [this cometh to pass], that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.” (John 15:25). The Lord Jesus was also delivered by His own brethren to the religious rulers, the Jews, who refused to receive Him and who in turn delivered Him to the Gentiles. He was innocent.
12. Both were ridiculed and rejected:
Joseph was rejected by his brothers.
Jesus was rejected by His brothers – both His immediate family and the House of Judah.
Joseph had a prophetic dream that one day he would rule over his brothers and for this they hated him. Years later, he became the highest Egyptian official under Pharaoh (Genesis 37:7-9: 41:37-41).
“And Joseph dreamed a dream, and he told [it] his brethren: and they hated him yet the more.” (Genesis 37:5).
“And he said unto them, Hear, I pray you, this dream which I have dreamed: For, behold, we [were] binding sheaves in the field, and, lo, my sheaf arose, and also stood upright; and, behold, your sheaves stood round about, and made obeisance to my sheaf. (Genesis 37:6-7).
“And his brethren said to him, Shalt thou indeed reign over us? or shalt thou indeed have dominion over us? And they hated him yet the more for his dreams, and for his words.” (Genesis 37:8).
“And he dreamed yet another dream, and told it his brethren, and said, Behold, I have dreamed a dream more; and, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to me. And he told [it] to his father, and to his brethren: and his father rebuked him, and said unto him, What [is] this dream that thou hast dreamed? Shall I and thy mother and thy brethren indeed come to bow down ourselves to thee to the earth? And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.” (Genesis 37:9-11).
13. Both were hated:
Joseph was hated for his words (Genesis 37:8).
Jesus was hated for His words of truth. (John 7:7; 3:32).
Joseph’s brothers mingled hypocrisy with their hatred (Genesis 37:27).
The Jews did the same with Jesus (Matthew 27:35, 36; John 18:28, 31).
14. Both were prophesied to be rulers:
Joseph foretold of his future sovereignty (Genesis 37:7-11).
Jesus did the same. “Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.” (Matthew 26:64).
Joseph would rule his brothers (the tribes of Israel).
Jesus will rule the whole world, including Israel.
Jesus’ sovereignty was foretold in the Old and the New Testament (Daniel 7:13-14; Isaiah 9:6-7: Matthew 26:64; Luke 1:31-33).
Joseph announced that he was to rule over his brethren.
The Lord Jesus presented Himself as the Messiah. Just as they ridiculed Joseph’s message, so they also ridiculed the message of Jesus. In fact, nailed to His cross were the words: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
Joseph’s brothers rejected his right to rule (Genesis 37:8).
The Jewish leaders said “We will not have this [man] to reign over us.” (Luke 19:14).
And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.” (Matthew 24:30–31).
“Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.” (Matthew 26:64).
15. Both were envied:
And his brethren [Joseph’s brothers] envied him; but his father observed the saying.” (Genesis 37:11).
“And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him,” (Acts 7:9).
“Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ? For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.” (Matthew 27:17-18).
“For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.” (Mark 15:10).
“For neither did his brethren [the Jews] believe in him.” (John 7:5).
Because of envy, Joseph’s brothers conspired to kill Joseph: “And when they saw him afar off, even before he came near unto them, they conspired against him to slay him. And they said one to another, Behold, this dreamer cometh.” (Genesis 37:18-19).
16. Both parents ‘treasured in their hearts’ the news that their child would be a future king:
“And his brethren envied him; but his father observed the saying.” (Genesis 37:11).
“But Mary kept all these things, and pondered [them] in her heart.” (Luke 2:19).
And the next verse: “And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them.” (Luke 2:20).
17. Both willingly went at father’s request and authority:
Joseph’s father had sent him to seek his brethren.
Jesus, doing the will of His Father, came to this world to seek His brethren.
And Israel said unto Joseph, Do not thy brethren feed [the flock] in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto them. And he said to him, Here [am I].” (Genesis 37:13).
“Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me.” (John 8:42).
18. Both seek their brethren:
And his brethren went to feed their father’s flock in Shechem. And Israel said unto Joseph, Do not thy brethren feed [the flock] in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto them. And he said to him, Here [am I]. And he said to him, Go, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word again. So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem.” (Genesis 37:12-14)
And a certain man found him, and, behold, [he was] wandering in the field: and the man asked him, saying, What seekest thou? And he said, I seek my brethren: tell me, I pray thee, where they feed [their flocks]. And the man said, They are departed hence; for I heard them say, Let us go to Dothan. And Joseph went after his brethren, and found them in Dothan.” (Genesis 37:15-17).
“With a joyful heart, Joseph parted from his father, neither the aged man nor the youth dreaming of what would happen before they should meet again. When, after his long and solitary journey, Joseph arrived at Shechem, his brothers and their flocks were not to be found. Upon inquiring for them, he was directed to Dothan. He had already traveled more than fifty miles, and now an additional distance of fifteen lay before him, but he hastened on, forgetting his weariness in the thought of relieving the anxiety of his father, and meeting the brothers, whom, despite their unkindness, he still loved.” (PP p210).
Joseph seeks his brothers until he finds them.
Jesus seeks us until He finds us. This is the initiative of the Father.
Joseph seeks the welfare of his brothers (Genesis 37:12-17).
Likewise, Jesus sought out His brethren (Luke 19:10). Jesus came not to condemn but that the world might be saved through Him. (John 3:17).
Jesus was sent by His Father to the ‘lost sheep of Israel,’ (John 4:34; 5:30; 6:38-40; 12:48-50; 17:21). (Genesis 37:13-14; Hebrews 2:11).
Joseph and Jesus were both sent by their fathers to their brothers who hated them and rejected their claim to pre-eminence. In the seventh chapter of Acts in the New Testament, the martyr Stephen gives a speech before he is stoned to death. In it, Stephen draws on the parallels between Joseph and Jesus.
19. Both were conspired against:
Joseph was conspired against. (Genesis 37:18).
Jesus was also conspired against. (Matthew 12:14).
20. Both were mocked:
Joseph was mocked by his brethren. When they saw him coming they said, “Behold, this dreamer cometh.” [Genesis 37:19].
“And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote [him].” (Luke 22:63).
Jesus was mocked by His brethren. When He was on the Cross they said, “If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.” (Matthew 27:40).
21. Both ridiculed for being a king:
Said of Joseph:Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast hath devoured him: and we shall see what will become of his dreams.” (Genesis 37:20).
Said of Jesus: “He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.” (Matthew 27:43).
Note: The word “animal” is not found in God’s Word – it is translated as “evil beast”.
22. Both received brethren plots:
When Joseph’s brothers saw him, they said “Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and we will say, Some evil beast hath devoured him: and we shall see what will become of his dreams.” (Genesis 37:20).
So, the brothers plotted to kill Joseph.
The brethren plotted to kill Jesus – “He came unto his own, and his own received him not.” (John 1:11).
Joseph’s brothers, while eating, intended to slay him (Genesis 37:25–27).
The Jews, while eating the Passover feast, desired that Jesus be killed.
“And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill [him].” (Matthew 26:4).
“And said [unto them], What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.” (Matthew 26:15).
“Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death.” (John 11:53).
Similarly in the parable of Jesus: “Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence [him] when they see him. But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.” (Luke 20:13-14).
23. Leaders attempted to rescue them from their brethren: Reuben the oldest & Pilate.
“And Reuben heard [it], and he delivered him out of their hands; and said, Let us not kill him.” (Genesis 37:21).
“Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he [is] our brother [and] our flesh. And his brethren were content.” (Genesis 37:27).
“And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.” (John 19:12).
“When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but [that] rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed [his] hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye [to it].” (Matthew 27:24).
Joseph’s brothers decided not to kill him themselves.  Instead, they turned him over to the Ishmaelites after Judah suggested they sell him. (Genesis 37:26).
The Jews did not kill Jesus themselves after He had been sold to them by Judas (Judah in Hebrew). They coerced the Romans to do the killing for them.
24. Both had two leaders which acted as judges: Reuben/Judah   &   Pilate/Herod Antipas.
The leaders finally gave in to peer pressure and went along with the plot.
Reuben petitioned for the life of Joseph (Genesis 37:21–22).
“And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate.” (Luke 23:1).
Pilate petitioned for the life of Jesus (Matthew 27:2–26; John 19:4–22).
“And Judah said unto his brethren, What profit [is it] if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood? Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he [is] our brother [and] our flesh. And his brethren were content. (Genesis 37:26–27).
“And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long [season], because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him.” (Luke 23:8).
25. Both were stripped of their coat:
Joseph had the coat of many colours which set him apart.
Jesus was set apart in that He was “separate from sinners”. (Hebrews 7:26).
Joseph was stripped of his coat prior to being cast in a pit.
“And it came to pass, when Joseph was come unto his brethren, that they stripped Joseph out of his coat, [his] coat of [many] colours that [was] on him;” (Genesis 37:23).
The Roman soldiers stripped off Jesus’ clothes prior to His crucifixion (Matthew 27:27-28; John 19:23-24).
26. Both faced death:
Joseph was cast into a pit. “And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and the pit [was] empty, [there was] no water in it.” (Genesis 37:24); literally a well. Later Joseph was cast into a dungeon (Genesis 39:20).
Jesus was condemned to death before descending to death (John 19:23; 1 Peter 3:18-20).
Joseph was cast into a pit by his own people, which implied death, but he was taken out of this pit alive.
Jesus was put to death by His own people.
Jesus was crucified & placed into a sepulchre but came out of the sepulchre risen and alive three days later.
Jesus was bodily-resurrected from the sepulchre [we could say tomb/pit].
When Jesus died He descended into the lower parts of the earth. Later He ascended into heaven (Ephesians 4:9) and is Ruler of all.
27. Both had two lesser punishments suggested than death: pit/sold   &   prisoner swap/scourge:
Both were confined in jail/custody.
“Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,” (John 18:12).
“And when they had bound him, they led [him] away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor.” (Matthew 27:2).
But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews? Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber. (John 18:39-40)
Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged [him]. (John 19:1).
28. Both sold for the price of a slave:
Joseph was sold as a slave and destined for Egypt.
Jesus was betrayed for the price of a slave.
Joseph was sold at the proposal of Judah. “Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he [is] our brother [and] our flesh. And his brethren were content.” (Genesis 37:27).
Jesus was sold to the Jews by Judas. “Then Judas, which had betrayed him, when he saw that he was condemned, repented himself, and brought again the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders,” (Matthew 27:3). He was betrayed to the Romans by a kiss from His disciple Judas. “Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast.” (Matthew 26:48; also see Matthew 26:15; 27:24).
Both were sold for the price of a slave. Joseph was sold for 20 shekels of silver and Jesus was sold for 30 pieces of silver (the price of a slave). (Genesis 37:28; Matthew 26:15).
A slave price – in pieces of silver (20 in 1728 BC had inflated to 30 in 31 AD). From archaeology, we know that the price of a slave had increased through inflation.
“And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty [pieces] of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD.” (Zechariah 11:13)
29. Both had twelve:
Jacob (called Israel) had 12 sons. All Jewish people trace their linage to one of those 12 sons, or tribes, of Israel.
Likewise Jesus had 12 disciples.
30. Both had a Judah/Judas:
Both were betrayed & sold by one of the 12 named Judah. Judah’s name translates to “Judas” in Hellenized Greek (Matthew 1:2-3).
“Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, And said [unto them], What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver. And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him” (Matthew 26:14–16).
31. Both were taken to Egypt when young after escaping death:
Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty [pieces] of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt.” (Genesis 37:28).
“When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt:” (Matthew 2:14).
It is interesting to note that in early life, just as they were passing from youth to manhood, both Joseph and Daniel were separated from their homes and carried as captives to heathen lands.
32. Both were associated with sacrificial blood:
And they took Joseph’s coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood;”(Genesis 37:31).
Jesus, our scapegoat/Passover goat/lamb, had His own blood sprinkled on His own coat. Passover animal could be goat: (Exodus 12:5). Scapegoat: (Leviticus 16:8). “And he [was] clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.” (Revelation 19:13).
Joseph’s brothers smeared his coat with goat’s blood in order to blame Joseph’s demise on wild animals.
On the day of Jesus’ death, it was the Passover and a lamb had been chosen for sacrifice for the atonement of sins.
Joseph’s coat was soaked with blood but his flesh was not harmed at all (Genesis 37:32).
The flesh of Jesus was seized but not His divinity.
33. Both faced with a false death story and deception:
A false story of Joseph’s death was told and deceived many for a long time; animal/blood on coat.
Joseph’s coat was taken as proof that he was no longer in the pit.
Jesus’ burial clothes were taken as proof that He was no longer in the tomb. “The body of their Master was not there, and the linen clothes lay by themselves.” (3SP p200).
Joseph’s blood-stained coat was presented to his father. “And they took Joseph’s coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood;” (Genesis 37:31).
They cast lots for the coat of the Lord Jesus. “They said therefore among themselves, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be: that the scripture might be fulfilled, which saith, They parted my raiment among them, and for my vesture they did cast lots. These things therefore the soldiers did.” [John 19:24]. Jesus is our scapegoat and His blood was presented to the Father as a sin offering. (Leviticus 16:8-10).
A lying report was then given to the soldiers. “Say ye,” said the priests, “His disciples came by night, and stole Him away while we slept.” [DA p781-2].
34. Leaders finally gave in to peer pressure and went along with plot:
And they took Joseph’s coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood; And they sent the coat of [many] colours, and they brought [it] to their father; and said, This have we found: know now whether it [be] thy son’s coat or no. And he knew it, and said, [It is] my son’s coat; an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces.” (Genesis 37:31–33).
“Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and showed unto the chief priests all the things that were done. And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers, Saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night, and stole him [away] while we slept. And if this come to the governor’s ears, we will persuade him, and secure you. So they took the money, and did as they were taught: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day.” (Matthew 28:11–15).
“And [so] Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged [him], to be crucified.” (Mark 15:15).
35. Both were servants:
Joseph became a servant to an Egyptian official named Potiphar (Genesis 39:1-2).
Jesus became a servant (Philippians 2:6-7) & (Philemon 2:7).
“But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men:” (Philippians 2:7).
Joseph was a prosperous servant (Genesis 39:2-3).
Jesus was also a prosperous Servant (Isaiah 52:13; 53:10).
Joseph, the servant, was made a blessing to others (Genesis 39:5).
Jesus was a blessing to the world.
Joseph was a goodly person (Genesis 39:6).
Jesus came as a servant into the world and yet lived a goodly (perfect) life.
36. Both resisted temptation:
Potiphar’s wife tempted Joseph but he never acted upon the temptation. “And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie with me: and he left his garment in her hand, and fled, and got him out.” (Genesis 39:12).
Satan tempted Jesus to do wrong, but He did not sin. “Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.” (Matthew 4:10).
37. Both were falsely accused:
Joseph falsely accused of trying to take advantage of Potiphar’s wife (Genesis 39:7-19).
Jesus likewise, falsely accused and also had an unfair trial.
“Had Potiphar believed his wife’s charge against Joseph, the young Hebrew would have lost his life; but the modesty and uprightness that had uniformly characterized his conduct were proof of his innocence; and yet, to save the reputation of his master’s house, he was abandoned to disgrace and bondage.” (Patriarchs and Prophets [1890] Page 218 extract).
Joseph had to suffer – Potiphar had to keep up a front before Pharaoh.
Pilate did not believe the accusation which was brought against Jesus. He found Him innocent, yet he scourged Him. Pilate had to keep up a front before Caesar.
38. Both had two other prisoners:
Both were placed with two other prisoners. As we shall see in a moment, one was saved and the other lost (Genesis 40:2, 3; Luke 23:32).
39. Both suffered for another’s sin:
And it came to pass, when his master heard the words of his wife, which she spake unto him, saying, After this manner did thy servant to me; that his wrath was kindled. And Joseph’s master took him, and put him into the prison, a place where the king’s prisoners [were] bound: and he was there in the prison.” (Genesis 39:19-20).
Joseph thus suffered at the hands of the Gentiles (first by his brethren then by the Gentiles).
Jesus was sold by His brethren then suffered at the hands of the Romans (Gentiles).
40. Both sentenced with 2 prisoners, one saved, one lost:
And it came to pass after these things, [that] the butler of the king of Egypt and [his] baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt. And Pharaoh was wroth against two [of] his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers. And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph [was] bound.” (Genesis 40:1–3).
The Chief Butler was released; the Chief Baker condemned. (Genesis 40:21–23).
Barabbas was released; Jesus condemned. (John 18:40).
“And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death. And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.” (Luke 23:32–33).
One criminal was given life and the other was condemned – (Genesis 40:21-22).
“And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee to day, shalt thou be with me in paradise.” – Luke 23:43.
41. Both inspired by the Holy Spirit:
“And they said unto him, We have dreamed a dream, and [there is] no interpreter of it. And Joseph said unto them, [Do] not interpretations [belong] to God? tell me [them], I pray you.” (Genesis 40:8).
“And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find [such a one] as this [is], a man in whom the Spirit of God [is]?” (Genesis 41:38).
“The Spirit of the Lord [is] upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,” (Luke 4:18).
42. Cup bearer [Chief Butler] released from prison: jail/grave:
Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thine head, and restore thee unto thy place: and thou shalt deliver Pharaoh’s cup into his hand, after the former manner when thou wast his butler.” (Genesis 40:13).
“For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures; And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:” (1 Corinthians 15:3–4).
43. Raised to life after 3 days:
The Cup bearer [Chief Butler] released from prison after 3 days.
Jesus rose from the dead on the third day. (Matthew 28; Mark 16; Luke 24; and John 20).
44. Remember me:
Joseph desired to be remembered by the Chief Butler. “But think on me when it shall be well with thee, and show kindness, I pray thee, unto me, and make mention of me unto Pharaoh, and bring me out of this house:” (Genesis 40:14).
Jesus said, “This do in remembrance of Me.” (Luke 22:19).
45. The Chief Baker was lifted up on a tree compare crucifixion.
Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thy head from off thee, and shall hang thee on a tree; and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.” (Genesis 40:19).
“Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed [is] every one that hangeth on a tree:” (Galatians 3:13).
“The God of our fathers raised up Jesus, whom ye slew and hanged on a tree.” (Acts 5:30).
Also note 3 days + Tree compare Crucifixion/Tree + 3 days.
46. Both exalted after suffering:
“And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt.” (Genesis 41:41).
“Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?” (Luke 24:26).
47. Joseph given seal ring before 7 plenteous years before 7 years of famine and death. Jesus opens 7 seals that will cause hardship and death:
“And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph’s hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck;” (Genesis 41:42).
Revelation 6 – Revelation 8 cover the 7 seals which will be opened by Jesus.
“Vestures of fine linen” – Pharaoh clothed him in glorious coats (Genesis 41:42).
Jesus will be seen clothed in glory at the second coming (Matthew 24:30; 25:31).
48. All will pay homage and every knee will bow:
All knees bowed to Joseph. “And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him [ruler] over all the land of Egypt.” (Genesis 41:43).
Likewise all knees will bow to Jesus. “That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth; (Philippians 2:10).
“And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.” (Hebrews 1:6).
49. Both given all power and authority, save one: Pharaoh   &   God:
“And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I [am] Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.” (Genesis 41:44).
“And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.” (Matthew 28:18).
Joseph has unlimited resources to meet the needs of all the people (Genesis 41:49).
Likewise, we read of the riches of Christ’s grace in passages such as Ephesians 1:7; 2:7; 2:4; 1 Peter 1:3; Ephesians 3:8; Colossians 2:9; Romans 10:12.
“And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put [it] upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!” (Matthew 27:29).
“And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his [head], And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!” (Mark 15:17–18).
Note: Purple’s rarity in nature and the expense of creating its dye gave it a great deal of prestige. It was the most expensive dye known to the ancient Israelites in the Bible. It was the colour of choice for those of noble or royal birth or those who were high-level officials. Roman Emperors wore clothing coloured purple.
50. Both given a new name:
Joseph received from Pharaoh a new name (Genesis 41:45). Joseph did not become his people’s saviour until after his “death”, “burial”, and “resurrection”.
God gave Jesus Christ a new name (Philippians 2:9, 10; Matthew 1:21; Acts 5:31). The name “Jesus” was given to Him at His birth – Jesus means Saviour – but Jesus could not save His people from their sins until after His death, burial, and resurrection.
51. Both had priestly connections:
Joseph married Asenath whose father was Egyptian and a priest of On.
Christ is linked with Melchizedek.
Then Pharaoh named Joseph Zaphenath-paneah; and he gave him Asenath, the daughter of Potiphera priest of On, as his wife. And Joseph went forth over the land of Egypt.” (Genesis 41:45). A pagan Egyptian god.
Joseph married a foreign bride who shared his glory – Genesis 41:45.
Believers in Christ are “joint-heirs” with Him in His glory – Romans 8:17 – And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together.
Joseph received his Gentile bride after being exalted by the highest ranked person on earth (Pharaoh).
Jesus Christ receives His predominantly Gentile bride, the church, by Almighty God in heaven.
Joseph received his Gentile bride during the time of rejection by his brothers and before a great famine.
Jesus Christ will get His bride while being rejected by Israel and before the great tribulation. – Revelation 7:14 – And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
Jesus – “Called of God an high priest after the order of Melchisedec.” (Hebrews 5:10).
52. Both began “ministry” as king at 30 years old:
And Joseph [was] thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.” (Genesis 41:46).
And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was [the son] of Heli,” (Luke 3:23).
53. Both had children:
And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him. And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: For God, [said he], hath made me forget all my toil, and all my father’s house. And the name of the second called he Ephraim: For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.” (Genesis 41:50-52).
“But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus. Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No.” (John 21:4-5).
“The word which [God] sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)”. (Acts 10:36).
“For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.” Galatians 3:26.
54. All must go to them for bread:
And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread: and Pharaoh said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do. And the famine was over all the face of the earth: And Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians; and the famine waxed sore in the land of Egypt. And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph for to buy [corn]; because that the famine was [so] sore in all lands.” (Genesis 41:55–57).
And Joseph [was] the governor over the land, [and] he [it was] that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph’s brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him [with] their faces to the earth.” (Genesis 42:6).
“And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.” (John 6:35).
55. Both act as providers:
Joseph provided land for his brothers in Egypt.
Jesus will provide land for all His people when He returns.
Joseph’s brothers were afraid when they found out Joseph was their brother.
Jesus’ brothers will mourn when they look on Jesus who they pierced (Zechariah 12:10).
Only Joseph disperses bread to a perishing world (Genesis 41:55).
Only Jesus is the One who disperses the Bread of Life – John 6:35.
So in way, they both purchased souls with bread.
The one dreamed of bread and the other dreamed of wine and Joseph said “remember me”.
The bread and the wine…Jesus said as often as you do this remember me..Communion.
Joseph miraculously gave bread to the people around him because he received God’s revelation which saved the people from dying during the famine.
Jesus miraculously gave bread to the people around him because he received God’s revelation which saved the people from the spiritual famine.
Joseph provided grain to all of Egypt and the surrounding areas during the famine.
Jesus fed 5000 people in Mark 6 and 4000 people in Mark 8 when food was scarce.
Joseph saved Israel’s physical life when they came to him in Egypt.
Jesus will save Israel’s physical life again and will also give His people spiritual life (eternal life).
56. Both fulfilled God’s prophecy:
Joseph’s family is driven out of their own land (Genesis 42:1-3, 5); this is in fulfillment of God’s prophecy in Genesis 15:13. And so, a few years after Joseph’s brothers rejected him they are forced out of their country.
Likewise, the Jews were forced out of their country a few years after rejecting Jesus; the Romans scattered them throughout the world.
57. Brothers stared at each other and went to get food:
Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another? And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die. And Joseph’s ten brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt.” (Genesis 42:1–3).
“There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the [sons] of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples. Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.” (John 21:2–3).
58. Unrecognised by their own:
“And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.” (Genesis 42:8).
The Jews did not recognize their Messiah. “He came unto his own, and his own received him not.” (John 1:11).
“And I knew him not: but that he should be made manifest to Israel, therefore am I come baptizing with water. And John bare record, saying, I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and it abode upon him. And I knew him not: but he that sent me to baptize with water, the same said unto me, Upon whom thou shalt see the Spirit descending, and remaining on him, the same is he which baptizeth with the Holy Ghost.” (John 1:31–33).
“But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.” (Luke 24:16).
“But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.” (Luke 20:14).
“For all these have of their abundance cast in unto the offerings of God: but she of her penury hath cast in all the living that she had.” (Luke 21:4).
59. Both tested their brethren for worthiness:
Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.” (Genesis 42:15).
That the trial of your faith, being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:” (1 Peter 1:7).
60. 10 brothers condemned to prison and released after 3 days. Jesus condemned to prison (death) and rose after 3 days:
And he put them all together into ward three days. And Joseph said unto them the third day, This do, and live; [for] I fear God:” (Genesis 42:17–18).
“Him God raised up the third day, and showed him openly; Not to all the people, but unto witnesses chosen before of God, [even] to us, who did eat and drink with him after he rose from the dead. (Acts 10:40–41).
61. Both plead for their life:
And they said one to another, We [are] verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.” (Genesis 42:21).
“And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou [wilt]. And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour? Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak. He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done.” (Matthew 26:39-42).
“And he was withdrawn from them about a stone’s cast, and kneeled down, and prayed, Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done. And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him. And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.” (Luke 22:41-44).
62. Accusers, betrayers held responsible for shed blood:
“And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required.” (Genesis 42:22).
“Then answered all the people, and said, His blood [be] on us, and on our children.” (Matthew 27:25).
63. Amazing grace is given:
Joseph returned his brother’s food money. “Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man’s money into his sack, and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them.” (Genesis 42:25).
The grace of Jesus is given to His brethren. “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God:” (Ephesians 2:8).
64. Both fully reveal themselves the second time:
Joseph was not recognized by his brothers at their first encounter; nor did Joseph reveal himself {Genesis 42:8}. At the second visit Joseph revealed himself and the brothers wept over him (Genesis 45:1-5).
When Jesus was resurrected from the grave, He went to His disciples; but they were afraid and didn’t recognize Him (Luke 24:13-35).
So, Jesus was not recognized by His brethren at His First Coming; nor did Jesus fully reveal Himself. At the Second Coming it will be unmistakable and God’s people shall also weep – with joy.
Jesus was revealed to His brethren. “To whom also he showed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God:” (Acts 1:3).
Joseph, as their sovereign, forgave his brothers.
Jesus, as the Sovereign, forgave those who crucified him (Luke 23:34).
Joseph revealed himself to his brothers in the chamber (Genesis 45:1–3).
Jesus revealed himself to His disciples in the upper room (Luke 24:36).
65. Both suffered as God had foretold:
Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. For these two years [hath] the famine [been] in the land: and yet [there are] five years, in the which [there shall] neither [be] earing nor harvest. And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance.” (Genesis 45:5–7).
“Him, being delivered by the determinate counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked hands have crucified and slain:” (Acts 2:23).
“But those things, which God before had showed by the mouth of all his prophets, that Christ should suffer, he hath so fulfilled.” (Acts 3:18).
“According to the eternal purpose which he purposed in Christ Jesus our Lord:” (Ephesians 3:11).
66. Both suppress fearful hearts through peace:
And he said, Peace [be] to you, fear not: your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money. And he brought Simeon out unto them.” (Genesis 43:23).
“Then the same day at evening, being the first [day] of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace [be] unto you.” (John 20:19).
67. Righteous judgement exists with both:
Joseph spared the innocent Reuben (oldest) for the guilty Simeon (next oldest) who spent several years in jail until the brothers returned. Simeon got the worst land in the Negev and was absorbed into Judah and Levi got no land at all.
Jesus is our perfect judge who will separate the sheep from the goats. “And he shall set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.” (Matthew 25:33).
68. Both participate in collective breaking of bread and foot washing:
And the man brought the men into Joseph’s house, and gave [them] water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender. And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread there.” (Genesis 43:24–25).
“And he took [and sent] messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin’s mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.” (Genesis 43:34).
“After that he poureth water into a basin, and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe [them] with the towel wherewith he was girded.” (John 13:5).
69. There was astonishment at both:
And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marvelled one at another.” (Genesis 43:33).
“And the scribes and chief priests heard [it], and sought how they might destroy him: for they feared him, because all the people was astonished at his doctrine.” (Mark 11:18).
70. Both had substitutionary atonement:
Innocent Benjamin for wicked brothers.
With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both let him die, and we also will be my lord’s bondmen.” (Genesis 44:9).
And he searched, [and] began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack.” (Genesis 44.12).
Innocent Jesus for sinners.
Innocent Joseph suffered for guilty brethren.
Innocent Christ suffered for guilty brethren.
71. Innocent suffered outside the city:
Benjamin was arrested outside the city.
Jesus was crucified outside Jerusalem.
[And] when they were gone out of the city, [and] not [yet] far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?” (Genesis 44:4).
“Wherefore Jesus also, that he might sanctify the people with his own blood, suffered without the gate.” (Hebrews 13:12).
72. Both were seen with torn flesh:
And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since:” (Genesis 44:28).
“And [so] Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged [him], to be crucified.” (Mark 15:15).
73. Both wept for the wicked:
“And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard.” (Genesis 45:2).
“And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it,” (Luke 19:41).
Note: 19 years had elapsed between Joseph being sold and his brothers first going to Egypt for food. Joseph was waiting for them, not for vengeance, but in anticipation to give them food and deliver them from their famine. After 21 years of being assumed dead, he revealed himself, provided their food and was their saviour.
Just before Jesus ascended up into heaven, He told his disciples that they should see Him no more until His return.
74. Both became saviour of the people:
“Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life.” (Genesis 45:5).
And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.” (Genesis 47:25).
“And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.” (Matthew 1:21).
“And we have seen and do testify that the Father sent the Son [to be] the Saviour of the world.” (1 John 4:14).
75. Both offered forgiveness to those who sought to destroy them:
Genesis 45:14 – Joseph’s dramatic revealing of his true identity to his brothers and their reconciliation and his forgiveness is the dramatic climax of the story of Joseph:
“Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. … And ye shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that ye have seen; and ye shall haste and bring down my father hither. And he fell upon his brother Benjamin’s neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck. Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked with him.” (Genesis 45:5-14).
When Joseph revealed his identity to his brothers, they feared he would have them killed or seek revenge for the terrible wrong they had done to him. However, Joseph wept when he saw his brothers, and he chose to show them mercy even though they didn’t deserve it (Genesis 45).
Jesus chose mercy over judgement and restored us when He died on the cross and resurrected from the grave. Through His wonderful gift of redemption, He restored the nation of Israel and adopted the gentiles although none of us deserve it.
76. Disbelief in the alive report:
Jacob would not believe Joseph was alive.
The male disciples would not believe Mary when she reported Jesus was alive.
“And told him [Jacob], saying, Joseph [is] yet alive, and he [is] governor over all the land of Egypt. And Jacob’s heart fainted, for he believed them not.” (Genesis 45:26).
“And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest. It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary [the mother] of James, and other [women that were] with them, which told these things unto the apostles. And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not.” (Luke 24:9–11).
“Now after He had risen early on the first day of the week, He first appeared to Mary Magdalene, from whom He had cast out demons. She went and reported to those who had been with Him, while they were mourning and weeping. When they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her, they refused to believe it. After that, He appeared in a different form to two of them while they were walking along on their way to the country.” (Mark 16:9–13).
77. Both had families who were called out of Egypt and back to Israel:
And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: His sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt.” (Genesis 46:6-7).
“But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, Saying, Arise, and take the young child and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child’s life.” (Matthew 2:19-20).
78. Acceptance of death:
When Joseph’s father finally did see Joseph, he stated he was now ready to die:
And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou [art] yet alive.” (Genesis 46:30)
The same thing was said by Simeon the Elder, awaiting the Messiah in the Temple when he meets Jesus and recognized him as the long awaited Messiah. He exclaimed:
“Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word: For mine eyes have seen thy salvation,” (Luke 2:29-30)
79. Both experienced separation followed by togetherness:
After his period of separation, Joseph experienced fellowship with his brothers in Egypt and Goshen while he ruled in Egypt.
The land of Egypt [is] before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest [any] men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle. And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.” (Genesis 47.6-7).
When Jesus is no longer physically separated from His people, He will rule and dwell with His people in Jerusalem.
“And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly.” (Genesis 47:27).
80. The sons of both are fully recognised:
Joseph’s sons (Manasseh and Ephriam) came through his gentile wife and were given full tribe status. “And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh.” (Genesis 48:20).
Gentiles who believe and accept Jesus become full members of God’s people – sons of God.
81. Both turned intentional harm into good:
But as for you, ye thought evil against me; [but] God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as [it is] this day, to save much people alive. Now therefore fear ye not: I will nourish you, and your little ones. And he comforted them, and spake kindly unto them.” (Genesis 50:20–21).
“After these things Jesus walked in Galilee: for he would not walk in Jewry, because the Jews sought to kill him.” (John 7:1).
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.” (John 3:16).
“Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see [his] seed, he shall prolong [his] days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.” (Isaiah 53:10).
82. Both comforted betrayed brethren.
Joseph comforted his brethren.
Disciples comforted after abandoning Jesus at the cross.
Now therefore fear ye not: I will nourish you, and your little ones. And he comforted them, and spake kindly unto them.” (Genesis 50:21).
“Blessed [be] the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all spiritual blessings in heavenly [places] in Christ:” (Ephesians 1:3).
83. Unlike many other Bible characters, no sin of Joseph is recorded. Jesus was truly sinless:
Joseph, a Bible character of significance, but no Biblical record of his sins.
Only Jesus was without sin. “For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin.” (Hebrews 4:15).
Both are described in the Bible to be very pious men [devoutly religious] who received revelations from God.
“Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth:” (1 Peter 2:22).
“And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither [was any] deceit in his mouth.” (Isaiah 53:9).
“For he hath made him [to be] sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” (2 Corinthians 5:21).
84. The Promised Land – Their final resting place:
The bones of Joseph were recovered by Moses, a type of Christ, from Egypt and brought to the Promised Land. (Exodus 13:19).
After the resurrection of Jesus, He returns to heaven – the Promised Land for all the sons of God.
So Joseph died, [being] an hundred and ten years old: and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.” (Genesis 50:26).
“And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.” (Exodus 13:19).
“The LORD shall reign for ever and ever.” (Exodus 15:18).
“And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.” (Revelation 1:6).
Reader: Do you know of any more parallels? – if so, then please tell us.